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The different types of philodendron plants offer something for everyone. Whether you prefer the look of a trailing plant or something more unusual, these indoor tropicals cover all bases.
There are so many different types of philodendrons that it can be tricky to know where to begin when picking out a new housemate.
Read on to find out everything you need to know about these plants and choose the perfect one for your home. We'll break down each type of Philodendron by its appearance, leaf surface area, and growth habit.
- What is a Philodendron?
- What to Know Before You Buy a Philodendron Plant
- Which Philodendron is right for you?
- How to Care for Philodendron Plants
- 21 Different Types of Philodendron Plants
- 1: Philodendron hederaceum ‘Lemon Lime'
- 2: Philodendron ‘Imperial Green’
- 3: Philodendron ‘Prince of Orange'
- 4: Philodendron hederaceum ‘Brasil’
- 5: Philodendron ‘Moonlight'
- 6: Philodendron ‘Xanadu'
- 7: Philodendron erubescens ‘Red Emerald'
- 8: Philodendron ‘Birkin'
- 9: Philodendron erubescens ‘Pink Princess'
- 10: Philodendron erubescens ‘Painted Lady'
- 11: Philodendron selloum ‘Green Princess'
- 12: Philodendron scandens ‘Lime'
- 13: Philodendron erubescens ‘White Princess'
- 14: Philodendron melanochrysum ‘Black-gold'
- 15: Philodendron (Thaumatophyllum spruceanum) ‘Fun Bun'
- 16: Philodendron scandens ‘Heartleaf Philodendron'
- 17: Philodendron bipinnatifidum ‘Golden Xanadu'
- 18: Philodendron selloum ‘Atom'
- 19: Philodendron bipinnatifidum ‘Tortum'
- 20: Philodendron erubescens ‘Black Cardinal'
- 21: Philodendron hastatum ‘silver sword'
What is a Philodendron?
Philodendron is a genus of tropical vines within the Arum family (Araceae family), and they are native to tropical America.
There are approximately 450 species of philodendrons, ranging from houseplants to giant vines, which can grow up to 50 feet outside in the right conditions.
Most philodendron plants are easy-care varieties that can thrive indoors all year long. These foliage plants generally grow heart-shaped leaves that can be variegated with yellow, red, or green. They make excellent additions to any space and are especially useful for low-light areas.
You can grow philodendron plants in pots or outdoors if you live in an area that meets its needs. They're widespread in rainforests, which is why they can tolerate low level's of light due to the rainforest's canopy.
What to Know Before You Buy a Philodendron Plant
Philodendron plants are one of the most versatile indoor plants around. They have a broad range of growth habits and can be grown in almost any type of container.
When choosing a philodendron, you'll want to consider its growth habits, lighting needs, and watering requirements.
Here are a few tips to keep in mind when shopping for a new philodendron: – Choose a variety based on the growth habits of its parent plant. For example, the Philodendron Micans is a good choice if you want a philodendron that trails – Look for a philodendron that suits the amount of light in your home.
Some philodendron varieties require more light than others. Ensure your Philodendron is planted in a pot with enough drainage holes. If not, it can get root rot.
Which Philodendron is right for you?
Philodendron plants come in many shapes and sizes. They can be grouped into categories based on the size of their leaves, their growth habits, and the amount of light they need.
When choosing a philodendron, keep in mind the size of your home, the amount of natural light it receives, and your interior style. Here are a few philodendron varieties to consider:
- Large-leafed philodendron varieties have more than 10 inches across leaves. These are often used as houseplants because they look great on both the floor and the ceiling.
- Medium-leafed philodendron varieties have leaves that are between 5 and 10 inches across.
- Small-leafed philodendron varieties have leaves that are less than 5 inches across.
How to Care for Philodendron Plants
Philodendron plants are generally low-maintenance houseplants that thrive in just about any indoor environment.
They're particularly common in offices since they thrive without lots of sunlight and are easy to care for. Here are a few tips to keep in mind when caring for philodendron plants:
- Place philodendron plants in an area that receives natural light or near a bright window. Be sure to avoid direct sunlight, which can scorch the leaves.
- Water philodendron plants when the soil's surface feels dry to the touch. Avoid overwatering, which can cause root rot.
- Feed your philodendron plants a few times a year using a balanced fertiliser.
21 Different Types of Philodendron Plants
1: Philodendron hederaceum ‘Lemon Lime'
With its cheerful, lemon-lime-hued leaves in the shape of hearts, ‘Lemon Lime' Philodendron is an excellent addition to any space.
Whether you'd like it as a trailing green curtain cascading down interior balconies or gracefully winding up mossy poles – this gorgeous plant can bring life and colour into your home!
The plant prefers warm, humid conditions and does not tolerate cold temperatures well. The lemon and lime philodendron can grow quite large, so it is essential to provide plenty of space to grow.
2: Philodendron ‘Imperial Green’
The imperial green Philodendron is a beautiful tropical plant native to Central and South America. I was lucky to be given an Imperial Green Philodendron from my client, and it has such beautiful paddle-shaped leaves.
The plant typically has a deep green colour, especially when the leaves mature; they are light green when young leaves.
The imperial green Philodendron is an easy plant to care for and is often used as a houseplant or office plant. It prefers moist soil and partial shade but tolerates low light levels and dry soils.
3: Philodendron ‘Prince of Orange'
This plant is definitely on my wishlist! The Prince of Orange philodendron is ideal if you want to add a dash of tropical beauty to your home! Originating from the lush jungles of South America, this eye-catching plant has glossy deep green leaves splashed with vivid orange.
Not only does it look beautiful – but caring for the Prince of Orange Philodendron couldn't be easier since it can thrive under various conditions. With its luxurious foliage, this regal beauty can grow up to 2 feet tall and will put on quite a show wherever you decide to place it!
4: Philodendron hederaceum ‘Brasil’
This is one of my favourite Philodendrons I own. With its glossy green leaves, the Philodendron Brasil is a showstopper of an indoor plant. This climbing variety can reach heights up to 20 feet tall with proper care!
Who says low-maintenance plants don't make beautiful houseplants? The Philodendron Brasil proves them wrong! Its easy upkeep makes it suitable for even novice gardeners; moderate humidity and indirect light are ideal conditions, but this tough customer will still persevere in lower lighting or drier climates if need be.
5: Philodendron ‘Moonlight'
‘Moonlight' is a unique hybrid of a paddle-leafed Philodendron and an extraordinary tropical plant. With its lovely yellowy green leaves emerging from dusky red sheaths, it's sure to enliven any room in your home – although watch out as the foliage will turn into deep mid-green over time!
6: Philodendron ‘Xanadu'
The Xanadu philodendron is a popular houseplant with many admirers! It stands proud, growing into an eye-catching mound shape of rich green foliage.
It adds to the vibrancy and beauty of your home or office and actively works as an air purifier, making this low-maintenance choice beautiful and smart too!
Plus, it's easy to care for – keep its soil moist during spring and autumn and water more sparingly in winter.
7: Philodendron erubescens ‘Red Emerald'
If you're looking for a stunning green plant with vivid red petioles (stems that attach the leaves to the main stem) to brighten up your home or garden, the Philodendron Erubescens' red emerald' is worth considering!
This hybrid beauty is native to South America and can thrive in an impressive range of climates. It's also straightforward to take care of – all it needs is light watering and occasional humidity.
With its eye-catching colour scheme, this unique foliage will add extra vibrancy to any living space – no matter how much gardening experience you have!
8: Philodendron ‘Birkin'
The Philodendron Birkin is a rare mutation from the hybrid Philodendron Rojo Congo. It is an evergreen plant that can grow up to three feet tall and wide. The leaves are glossy and dark green, with ruffled edges.
The Philodendron Birkin is a low-maintenance plant that thrives in indirect light. It is tolerant of drought and flooding, making it an ideal choice for beginner gardeners.
Have faith! Once your plant reaches full maturity, you'll witness its remarkable transformation – leaves with beautiful reds and creamy white stripes will appear. An eye-catching sight indeed!
9: Philodendron erubescens ‘Pink Princess'
This fast-growing South American native boasts vibrant and eye-catching leaves – with glossy dark green surfaces covered in striking pink streaks. The foliage can get up to an impressive 12 inches long, so that it will need some support as a climbing plant.
Despite its showstopping features, this generously sized climber is still relatively easy for beginner gardeners to look after – making it ideal for adding something special to your space needs!
When it comes to your beautiful pink princess philodendron, its' unique variegation depends on enough light. Give her a space with plenty of bright sunlight but with some indirect rays throughout the day, and you'll see excellent results! If she lives indoors, don't be afraid to treat her to a couple of hours of direct sunshine; this should bring out her best in no time.
10: Philodendron erubescens ‘Painted Lady'
Introducing the ‘Painted Lady'! This unique philodendron species is full of life and colour, with glossy green heart-shaped leaves speckled in bright yellow and a vibrant pink stem.
Native to South America's tropical rainforest – now you can bring it home as an indoor houseplant that thrives in warm or shady spots. An excellent choice for any beginner plant parent looking to add some extra splash of nature indoors!
11: Philodendron selloum ‘Green Princess'
The ‘Green Princess' Philodendron is an eye-catching plant with lush, dark green foliage boasting delicate lines across the surface.
Native to South America, it's a great way to introduce vibrant beauty into your house – Its lush emerald leaves are easy to love and care for, no matter where you place it—low or bright light won't phase this boss plant!
12: Philodendron scandens ‘Lime'
The Philodendron Scandens' Lime' is an ideal companion for anyone wanting to add a bit of natural beauty to their living space.
The Philodendron scandens' lime' boasts stunning lime-green heart-shaped leaves that bring life and colour to any corner!
You can showcase the Philodendron Scandens' Lime' however you choose – hang it up or let its tendrils trail down from windowsills or high shelves; wherever you place your new houseplant pal, they're sure to give both style and freshness throughout your home.
13: Philodendron erubescens ‘White Princess'
The ‘White Princess' Philodendron is a stunning, low-maintenance plant ideal for budding green thumbs!
This charming scrambler will awe you by climbing around your home in no time. Plus, its marbled variegation of white ensures it brings an elegant touch to any brightly lit room. Give it some bright, indirect light and tender loving care – like with any other family member :).
So why not get one today? With the perfect environment, these plants can bring immense joy into your life for many years!
14: Philodendron melanochrysum ‘Black-gold'
Bring a piece of South American jungle vibes into your home with this eye-catching tropical Philodendron!
Crafted by nature, its vibrant leaves feature coppery-gold veins that fade to rainforest green. With up to 75 cm in length and velvety texture, these heart-shaped plants are some trendy houseplants.
Placed near an indirect light source and given the support of a moss pole, it's sure to make any corner lively – perfect for adding extra style points!
15: Philodendron (Thaumatophyllum spruceanum) ‘Fun Bun'
The Philodendron fun bun (Previously known as Philodendron Goeldii) is an evergreen plant that originates from warmer forests in Columbia. It is grown for its large, dramatically spiralling stems and shiny emerald-green foliage.
As it matures, the huge leaves open out to give the appearance of long green fingers divided into 10-20 leaflets, borne on spiralling stems, measuring between 20-40cm in length.
However, the philodendron fun bun can also get big – with a height of 2.5m and a spread of 4m. It can quickly take over a room if left unchecked. As such, it's essential to prune it regularly to keep it under control.
This plant will add a touch of the tropics to your home. Philodendron fun buns are easy to care for and tolerate low light levels.
16: Philodendron scandens ‘Heartleaf Philodendron'
The philodendron scandens, more affectionately known as the Heartleaf Philodendron, are an ideal choice for those looking to add colour and life to their home.
This marvellous climber is perfect for adding a touch of beauty to your home! It's fast-growing and easy to look after, with unique heart-shaped leaves that can grow up to an impressive 30cm long.
Plus, it won't mind a bit of shade, so you don't have to worry about giving it too much attention – enjoy its evergreen charm throughout the year!
17: Philodendron bipinnatifidum ‘Golden Xanadu'
If you're looking for a beautiful houseplant, Philodendron bipinnatifidum ‘Golden Xanadu' is ideal!
This hybrid version of the Xanadu with its distinctive, sunshine-hued leaves ranging from bright chartreuse to a subtle golden green, Philodendron bipinnatifidum ‘Golden Xanadu' is an eye-catching addition to any home or outdoor space.
18: Philodendron selloum ‘Atom'
The compact philodendron selloum ‘atom' forms a dense, low clump of large, gently ruffled and slightly waxy-looking leaves.
It's easy to care for and can cope with slightly shadier positions in the home – although it will prefer a brighter spot.
This lush plant is simple to maintain – remember to water it when the soil has dried out and feed it once a month during the growing season.
With its compact size and ability to thrive in low-light conditions, this Philodendron is an ideal choice for busy people who want to enjoy the beauty of indoor plants without putting in hours of work.
19: Philodendron bipinnatifidum ‘Tortum'
Meet Philodendron tortum, a root-climbing aroid native to the humid forests of Brazil and Bolivia!
This beautiful plant is easily recognisable by its dark green, deeply pinnatifid leaves that are twisted into almost impossible shapes.
Despite its exotic appearance, the Philodendron tortum is relatively easy to care for, as long as you can provide it with high humidity and plenty of bright indirect light.
If you're looking for a plant that will add some serious visual interest to your home, Philodendron tortum is worth considering!
20: Philodendron erubescens ‘Black Cardinal'
Looking for something special and unique to brighten up your living space? Look no further than Black Cardinal!
Featuring delightfully dark red, almost burgundy foliage held on orange-bronze stems. It's sure to add a touch of unexpected elegance.
As this gorgeous houseplant matures, its leaves will transform from shades of burgundy through green before settling into an eye-catching jet black – adding interest over time as well!
21: Philodendron hastatum ‘silver sword'
This beautiful Philodendron' silver sword' creates a lush, tropical atmosphere in your home with its graceful arrow-shaped leaves and soft grey-green hues that give it an almost metallic sheen.
It's easy to care for but will get big over time, so you'll need support, such as a moss pole for the stem, which has a natural tendency to climb.
This striking houseplant packs serious impact…making any space feel special!
Are Philodendrons suitable for beginners?
Philodendrons are an excellent choice for beginning gardeners because they are straightforward to care for.
They can be grown in a wide range of conditions, and they require very little maintenance.
Philodendrons are also very tolerant of neglect, so even if you forget to water them for a week or two, they will usually still be fine.
A Philodendron is perfect if you are looking for a low-maintenance and forgiving plant.
How do you keep a Philodendron happy?
Philodendrons are one of the most popular houseplants for a reason: they're tough, easy to care for, and very forgiving.
A Philodendron is an excellent choice if you're looking for a low-maintenance plant that will thrive even if you neglect it a bit.
That said, you can do a few things to help your Philodendron stay healthy and happy.
First, make sure it has plenty of bright, indirect light. Philodendrons can tolerate low light levels but grow best in bright sunlight.
Second, water regularly, but don't overdo it – Philodendrons like their soil to be moist but not soggy.
Finally, to keep your Philodendron feeling its best all year round – show it some love with fertiliser every month during the sunny seasons, and then slow down to give them a boost about once every two months as winter approaches.
My favourite fertiliser is Hungry Plants from For Peat's Sake.
Do Philodendrons need to be watered often?
Philodendrons are a type of houseplant that is known for being low-maintenance. They are native to tropical rainforests, so they are used to living in humid environments with little water.
When watering a Philodendron, it is vital to allow the top layer of soil to dry out before watering again. This will help to prevent root rot, which can be fatal to the plant.
Generally, Philodendrons should be watered about once a week, although this may vary depending on the plant's size and the pot it is growing in.
If you are unsure whether or not your Philodendron needs water, it is always better to err on the side of caution and wait a few extra days before watering again.
Should you cut off dead Philodendron leaves?
Many people enjoy growing Philodendron plants in their homes because they can thrive in various conditions.
One common question that gardeners have is whether or not they should cut off dead leaves.
While there is no right or wrong answer, there are a few things to consider. Dead leaves can provide some nutrients to the plant, so cutting them off may result in slightly slower growth.
However, dead leaves can also harbour pests and diseases, harming the plant.
Ultimately, the decision of whether or not to remove dead leaves is up to you. If you choose to remove them, do so carefully to avoid damaging the plant.
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Thanks to their large, glossy leaves, Philodendron plants make excellent additions to any indoor space.
There are wide varieties of Philodendrons, including large-leafed and small-leafed varieties, that are perfect for low-light spaces.
Philodendron plants can be grown in pots or used as ground cover outdoors, making them ideal houseplants for almost any indoor environment.
Whether you prefer large-leafed or small-leafed varieties, Philodendron plants are sure to spruce up any indoor space with their large, tropical leaves.
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